Calendar :: Volume 03, Issue 12
- On this day, an unsuccessful Senate candidate, addressing an audience in Springfield, Ill., called for a resolution of the issue of slavery, declaring that "A house divided against itself cannot stand." His name: Abraham Lincoln. - 1858
- Revolts broke out in East Berlin against the Russian-imposed Communist government. They would be suppressed by force, 1953.
- The main British army in the colonies, commanded by Gen. Henry Clinton, evacuated Philadelphia and settled at New York City for the duration of the Revolutionary War, 1778.
- Convicted traitors Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, N.Y., 1953.
- Archibald Cox and the Senate Committee issued a subpoena ordering the Nixon administration to turn over the now-famous White House tapes, 1973.
- While visiting the site of the death camp at Mauthausen, Austria, Pope John Paul II became the first pontiff to clearly and comprehensively condemn Nazism, 1988.
- Fidel Castro, the Cuban rebel leader, kidnapped 47 Americans in the Guantanamo Bay area to attract attention to his struggle against the Batista regime, 1958.
- Reacting to the first of a series of oil price-induced "energy crises," President Richard Nixon signed the bill establishing a Federal Energy Office - precursor to the Department of Energy, 1973.
American researchers at Bell Laboratories announced a breakthrough that would revolutionize the world of electronics: development of the transistor; 1958.